Nepal is diverse in culture, tradition and natural beauty. These cultural monuments and the natural diversity are very rare in the world. So keeping in regard to their importance, there are 10 places in Nepal which have been declared as UNESCO World Heritage sites, including seven in Kathmandu valley, Lumbini (Birthplace of Buddha), Chitwan National Park and Sagarmatha National Park. The heritage sites have been nominated based on their cultural and natural value. World heritage sites of Nepal are splendid examples of man’s endeavors in the fields of art, architecture, culture and protection of natural wonders.
Basantapur Durbar Square, Patan Durbar Square and Bhaktapur Durbar square are major Durbar with the royal memories. During shah dynasty and malla dynasty many kings ruled there and many ceremonies used to take place. In the durbar square vicinity there are many temples, chowks and museums. The palaces of square are decorated with elaborated carved wooden windows and panels. Swayambhunath(Monkey Temple), Boudhanath stupa, Pashupatinath temple and Changunarayan Temple are cultural and spiritual place with finest traditional crafts and rich artistic heritage in the Kathmandu Valley. Lumbini(Birth place of Lord Buddha) is located in the Terai region 300km of distance from Kathmandu. Buddhist monastery is the major attractions of Lumbini. There is a museum and a research center for Buddhism. These are the cultural UNESCO sites in Nepal.
Chitwan National Park and Sagarmatha National Park are natural UNESCO sites which is very rich in biodiversity with some of the endangered animals like Rhino, Elephant, Snow Leopard, Dusk deer, Pandas, Lynx etc and birds like snow cock, pheasant, snow pigeon etc and rare species like Blue pine, Sliver fir, Rhododendrons, Birch etc of flora and fauna of the world. In Sagarmatha National Park is dominated by snow -capped mountains including world highest peak Mount Everest and encompasses glaciers, valleys and trails.