What is Altitude Sickness?
Altitude Sickness or Acute Mountain Sickness is a complex syndrome of headache, nausea, dizziness, sleeplessness and fatigue. It is a very common problem while going to high altitude. You suffer altitude sickness due to different climatic condition and also as you leave the comforts of your daily life. In some cases, your previous medical history may act as a predisposing factor.
Nobody is immune to altitude sickness. After you go above 2000-2500m, you can experience the effects of altitude sickness. Do not be confused by relating altitude sickness to physical fitness or gender. Early Altitude Sickness is a lot like alcohol hangover. You may feel not being well. If the symptoms become severe, be sure that you are experiencing a late and advanced form of altitude sickness.
Enjoy Trekking in Nepal, don’t fear Altitude Sickness
Imagine a trekker arrived at high altitude carrying his bag. Immediately, he goes in a corner of dark room of hotel and rests there covered with a blanket from head to toe. He doesn’t want any tea or snacks. Once in a while, he starts to throw up. He feels the worse headache as if somebody is hammering a nail into his forehead and he feels terrible. He is still huddled in the corner at dinner time. When other friends bring him food, he does not even want to look at it. When asked, he says I want to go down.
Altitude Sickness, if infected could process to two fatal complications:
(a) High Altitude Cerebral Edema (HACE), meaning swelling of the brain or water in the brain.
(b) High Altitude Pulmonary Edema (HAPE), meaning water in the lungs.
Do’s for High Altitude
1. Listen your body
2. Drink plenty of safe warm water. (Around 3 liters per day). Dehydration predisposes to altitude sickness.
3. Let doctor know if you are taking any medicines.
4. Let the doctor know of your previous illness/ surgeries etc. (they might need to prepare the mediation accordingly.
5. Stay warm. Take it easy. Light activity during the day is better than sleeping because respiration decreases during sleep, exacerbating the symptoms.
6. Accept your susceptibility to AMS
7. Be prepared to stay behind or return back earlier than the group if you have bad altitude sickness.
8. Understand that you are in an unprivileged situation and thing can be less than expected.
9. Eat a high carbohydrate diet (more than 70% of your calories from carbohydrates) while at altitude.
10. Leave a trekker behind in your group with someone who doesn’t speak the trekker language.
Don’ts at high altitude
1. Attribute headache, fatigue etc to cold weather or exertion
2. Over-exert yourself when you first get up to altitude.
3.Take and sedatives.
4.Try to just push yourself. Courage displayed at inappropriate occasions is foolishness, not bravery
5. Be tempted to drink alcohol. (One can drink while coming back, that is while descending.
6. Assume that you would be stuck the last.
7. Be very religious and tough. ‘Victory is not reaching g the top but coming back safe’.
8. Get frustrated.
9. Present late
10. Take classic baths.
Global Link Tours and Travel provides personalized care and counselling to each of the trekkers. While trekking in Nepal, we not only help you to choose best treks in Nepal, but also provide medical assistance if needed. We are here to serve you.